10 Different Types Of Hawks In The World

Red-tailed Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk

Living in woodlands, peaks, plains, and marshes, around 270 species of hawks are recognized. It is a large grasping bird found all over the earth excluding Antarctica. It is identified for its intense vision, pointed beak, and capacity to grab and take the life of its prey. Several categories of hawks are too in threat because of constant deforestation and climate change. Here are different types of hawks found in different parts of the world,

Different Types Of Hawks

1. Red-tailed Hawk

With a petite broad red tail, this hawk got the name, Red-tailed Hawk. With a weight of 680-1586 grams and a height of 18-26 inches, this hawk is found habitually in the winters on the high buildings, trees, and cliffs of North America. Having a black-brown body with light striped bottom and large round wings, the Red-tailed Hawk nourishes creatures like squirrels, mice, rabbits, voles, tiny raccoons, and moles.

Having 20 years long life, this bird is known for its vision which is eight times more than humans helping them to search for their victim from 100 feet distance and also has three eyelids. Also, this hawk doesn’t move its eyes but its head to have a side glance.

Red-tailed Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

2. Red-Shouldered Hawk

Living in suburban areas, deciduous forests, rivers, marshes, and wooden swamps of North America and a few regions of South America, Red-Shouldered Hawk is having a black-white feathery body with red wings and red-brown spots on the shoulder. This 15-24 inches high bird with a weight of 1-1.7 lb diets on various creatures like rodents, rabbits, amphibians, crayfish, reptiles, etc.

One of the beautiful types of hawks has an average lifespan of 15-19 years, this hawk flies at a speed of 18-34 mph but at the time of catching prey can fly even at 100 mph. Normally it is considered a wild bird having a monogamous relationship and reproduction period from March to July.

Red-Shouldered Hawk
Red-Shouldered Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

3. Northern Harrier

Having a resemblance to an owl, Northern Harrier is a hawk present in open lands, marshes, savannahs, fields, pastures, and grasslands of the Northern Hemisphere. With a body weight of 300-750 grams and a height of 21-25 inches, it has a standard-sized, slim body, round tail, and wide wings. Living maximum up to 16 years and 5 months, males are usually grey while females are brown and nourish largely on snakes, frogs, tiny birds, and many more small mammals. Being very intellectual as well as hazardous, it brutally kills its victim with its long and pointed claws.

Northern Harrier
Northern Harrier

Image Source: Wikimedia

4. Cooper’s hawk

Named by Charles Lucien Bonaprte in 1828 as to tribute William Cooper, Cooper’s hawk is a monogamous bird. With a length of 36-40 cm and a weight of 218-412 grams, Cooper’s hawk can be seen in forests, woodlands, fields, wetlands, and farmlands of North America. Feeding mostly on rabbits, rats, fishes, mice, squirrels, and chipmunks, Cooper’s hawk flies at speed of 30 to 40 mph.

Females build nests using twigs, barks, and various tree substances and have a body that is 20% larger and 40% heavier than that of males. This violent hawk having a blue-gray body kills usually mice, bats, squirrels, and many more small birds for intake.

Cooper’s hawk
Cooper’s hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

5. Sharp-Shinned Hawk

With a sharp and thin keel at end of log legs, Sharp-Shinned Hawk is found in the woodlands and the forests of Central, South, and North America, Greater Antilles. With a weight of 87-218 grams, Sharp-Shinned Hawk has a 9.4-13.4 inches long body and has a life expectancy of 13 years. With a small blue-gray body, orange or red striped plumage and short, round wings this bird appears extremely cute and adorable and feeds mostly on other tiny birds and sometimes on creatures like bats, lizards, snakes, rodents, and frogs.

Sharp-Shinned Hawk
Sharp-Shinned Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

6. Broad-winged Hawk

Having 34-44 cm in length and 265-560 gram weight, Broad-winged Hawk resides habitually in the mountains, coastlines, and ridges of North America and South America. With the stripy tail, brown back, banned under part, and short, wide wings; it sometimes appears cute and a little scary also. For its life of almost 12 years, it feeds mostly on frogs, shrews, frogs, lizards, and many other small mammals.

Broad-winged Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

7. Swainson’s hawk

Residing in the deserts and grasslands of North America and South America, Swainson’s hawk weighs 0.5-1.7 kg and has a length of 17-22 inches. Living a 16-19 year long life, it looks really striking and cute with a slim body and slender wings. With a dark back and gullet, striped tail, and whitish-black or brown under part, it flies at a speed of 22-28 mph. It loves feeding on a variety of tiny creatures like bugs, reptiles, and amphibians.

Swainson’s hawk
Swainson’s hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

8. Rough-legged Hawk

With a weight of 1.5-20.5 inches and a body length of 47-52 cm, Rough-legged Hawk has some dark and light-colored patches over its body. With a life of 19 years, this bird lives in croplands, marshes, grasslands, Arctic Coasts, and Coastal plains of Russia, Europe, and North America. Only 10% of hawks comprise dark spots with a tail completely black. While the light face hawks include light tails with dark bands at the edges. It feeds on minute birds and animals including lemmings and voles.

Rough-legged Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

9. Northern Goshawk

Weighing 500-2200 grams, Northern Goshawk grows up to 46-69 cm in length and is a medium-sized bird. More than 10 classes of Goshawk are found in Europe, Asia, and America with life anticipation of 19 years. Also, feminine Goshawk has a better body than male and has bluish-grey to brown plumage on the upper body. With a wingspan of 35-50 inches, Northern Goshawk can take off at a speed of 61 mph and is a meat eater it nourishes typically birds, hares, and squirrels. It is one of the most amazing types of hawks in the world.

Northern Goshawk
Northern Goshawk

Image Source: Wikimedia

10. Ferruginous Hawk

The prevalent hawk of North America is Ferruginous Hawk and the female hawks are even larger than males. Weighing 980-2030 grams, Ferruginous Hawk grows 50-66 cm in length residing in plains, gorges, and farming terrains of the Central and Western parts of North America. It is a meat eater and feeds on squirrels, birds, snakes, mice, and other reptiles. With brilliant vision, it can witness its prey from an expanse of 100 feet and can leap at 150 miles per hour.

Also Read: 10 Best Horned Animals In The World

Ferruginous Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk

Image Source: USFWS Pacific Southwest Region

These are the different types of hawks in the world. Kindly share and do post your comments.

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