10 Different Types Of Geese In The World

Geese are one of the domesticated types of waterfowl and it is belied that they are domesticated 4.000 years ago. All types of geese are divided into three basic categories: heavy, medium, and light.  Here is the list,

Different Types Of Geese In The World

1. Canada goose

The Canada goose is a large goose species native to the Arctic and temperate regions of North America.  The body size is between 75 to 110 cm in length and the average weight is between 2.4 to 6.5 kilograms. The Canada goose can be identified by a white mark on their beak, near their chin. and a white U-like band on their rump. The bird species is diurnal which is active during the day and spend a lot of time grazing and foraging.  The primary diet includes grass, leaves, roots, seeds, berries, and algae.  The avarage lifespan of a Canada goose is between 12 to 26 years.

Canada goose

2. Greylag goose

The greylag goose also known as graylag goose is a large goose species that belongs to the waterfowl family Anatidae. The body size is between 76 to 89 cm and the average weight is between 2 to 4,.5 kilograms. They are gregarious birds and are seen in flocks. The primary diet includes leaves, berries, water plants, gleaning grain on cereal stubble, and sometimes feeding on growing crops such as oats, wheat, barley, buckwheat, lentils, peas, and root crops.  The avarage lifespan of a greylag goose is between 20 to 30 years in the wild.

Greylag goose

3. Snow Goose

Snow Goose is one of the famous white birds in Florida which is native to North America. The bird species is covered with white feathers, however, they aren’t always white and also have the name of blue goose. The bird species migrate from northeast Canada all the way to and from the Gulf of Mexico.  The primary diet of black and white birds includes agricultural fields for leftover corn, oats, and winter wheat. The garage lifespan of a snow goose is upto 20 years in the wild.

Snow Goose

4. Swan Goose

The swan goose is one of the types of geese mostly seen in inland Mongolia, northernmost China, and the Russian Far East.  The body length is between 81 to 94 cm and the average weight is between 2.8 to 3.5 kilograms. The avarage lifespan of swam goose is upto 10 years in the wild. Theta is a social bird and can be seen in small flocks outside the breeding season. The migration happens for Swan goose twice a year in late February-early April and the autumn migration starts in August and lasts until mid-September. 

Swan Goose

Image Source: Wikimedia

5. Barnacle Goose

Barnacle Goose is one of the birds of New England that comes with a black head, neck, and breast with a creamy-white face.  The primary diet. Includes vegetation, the leaves, and stems of grasses, roots, and seeds. They fly in packs and long lines, with a noisy chorus of barking or yapping sounds. The adult species will leave the nest immediately after the egg hatches and they do not bring food to their hatchlings. The avarage lifespan of barnacle goose species is upto 24 years in the wild.

Barnacle goose

6. Greater white-fronted goose

The greater white-fronted goose is one of the different types of geese closely related to the smaller lesser white-fronted goose. Their body length is between 64 to 81 cm and their average weight is between 1.9 to 3.3 kilograms. The goose species is named after the patch of white feathers bordering the base of its bill, in fact, albifrons come from the Latin albus “white” and frons ” forehead”. The bird species breeds in six breeding areas, including interior Alaska, the North Slope of Alaska, western Northwest Territories, western Nunavut, central Nunavut, and eastern Nunavut.  The avarage lifespan of greater white-fronted goose species is between 5 to 6 years in the wild.

Greater white-fronted goose

7. Brant

The brant is a small goose species that belongs to the family Anatidae. As of now, three species have been identified and they prefer temperate-zone sea coasts and breed on the high-Arctic tundra. The body length varies between 55 to 66 cm and the average weight is between 0.88 to 2.2 kilograms. The under parts of your bird species is pure white along with a black tail and very short (the shortest of any goose). The avarage lifespan of brant is between 10 to 20 years in the wild.


8. Bar-headed Goose

The headed Goose is one of the birds of New England that can be seen in the region of Afghanistan, Bangladesh Bhutan, China, India; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam, Now, they are also been introduced to Canada and Spain. They are hardy birds that fly from India through the Himalayan range, above Mount Everest, on their way to their nesting grounds in Tibet. They are able to migrate more than 1609 km (1,000 mi.) in a single day. It is also listed as one of the animals that travel the farthest.

Bar-headed goose

9. Cackling Goose

Cackling Goose looks identical to Canada geese except for the fact that they are smaller and have a proportionately smaller bill. They prefer to thrive in wetlands, city ponds, lakes, and wet grassy or agricultural fields. The primary diet includes aquatic vegetation, grasses, grains, insects, mollusks, crustaceans, and occasionally small fish. They are seen in Tennessee and found in flocks.

Cackling goose

10. Tula Fighting Goose

The Tula Fighting Goose is one of the types of geese that have ash-brown plumage color along with mighty and solid necks at the base.  They have a powerful trunk and robust back which is the same as the chest and the belly. The goose species comes from central Russia and prefers to farm around central Europe.  The primary diet includes fresh and soft grass, therefore, if there is the possibility of grazing the birds, they can be kept in the pasture.  The breeding season begins in February for most adult females whereas younger specimens will do so a few weeks later. 

Tula Fighting Goose

These are the 10 different types of geese in the world. Kindly share and do post your comments.

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