Europe is known to have some of the most beautiful landscapes in the world. But do you know what makes these landscapes so beautiful and picturesque? The hills, the rivers, the flora and fauna, etc. In this article, we will list some of the longest rives in Europe. The below-listed rivers are not limited to a particular country, rather they flow across various countries. Here is the list of the longest rivers in Europe in terms of discharge,
Longest Rivers In Europe
1. Volga River (3530 km)
Being Europe’s longest and largest river in terms of discharge, the Volga River, with a length of 3,530 kilometers originates in Russia and flows into the Caspian Sea. It plays a very crucial role when it comes to water supply and transportation, it holds immense importance for the country. Despite industrialization in certain areas, significant stretches of the Volga River remain untouched, showcasing its natural beauty. With a marshland climate, it serves as a haven for diverse wildlife, including herons, eagles, beavers, and otters. This extensive watercourse plays a vital role in Russia’s practical needs and stands as a refuge for various flora and fauna.
Image Source: Wikimedia
2. Danube River (2850 km)
With a length of 2,850 kilometers, the Danube River claims the title of the longest river in Central and Western Europe. It holds the distinction of being Germany’s longest river and ranks second in Europe. It is surpassed only by Russia’s Volga. Originating in the German town of Donaueschingen, the Danube weaves a remarkable path through or you can say alongside the borders of 10 different countries, surpassing any other river globally. The extensive journey of this river touches Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, and Ukraine, showcasing the Danube’s significant role as a transnational watercourse connecting diverse regions in Europe.
Also Read: 20 Largest Countries In The World By Area
3. Ural River (2428 km)
Flowing for a length of 2,428 kilometers, the Ural River traverses both Russia and Kazakhstan. It originates in the southern Ural Mountains and eventually meets the Caspian Sea. Widely acknowledged as the dividing line between Europe and Asia, the Ural River and its surroundings form a crucial habitat for numerous wildlife species. Hosting a diverse aquatic population, the Ural River boasts 47 fish species, including rare ones like kutum, sterlet, Caspian salmon, and white salmon. This region also supports various reptiles, such as sand lizards, rat snakes, common water snakes, and bog turtles, contributing to the rich biodiversity of the area.
4. Dnipro River (2201 km)
Stretching across 2201 kilometers, the Dnieper River commences its journey on the southern slope of the Valdai Hills in Russia. Further, it passes through western Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine before ultimately meeting the Black Sea. Holding the distinction of being the longest river in both Ukraine and Belarus, the Dnieper is a symbol of national pride for Ukraine, even finding mention in the country’s anthem. Featuring six sets of dams and hydroelectric stations, this river contributes significantly by generating 10% of Ukraine’s electricity. The name “Dnieper” traces its origins to the ancient Iranian phrase “Danu apara,” translating to “the river far away” or “the river on the far side.”
5. Don River (1870 km)
Stretching 1,870 kilometers, the Don River claims the fifth spot among Europe’s largest rivers. Originating in Central Russia, it winds to the Sea of Azov in the Caucasus region. Serving a pivotal role in Russia’s commerce, the Don River was subject to a hydrographic survey commissioned by the renowned ruler Peter I the Great in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. This survey aimed to enhance understanding of the river’s course. In the 20th century, the Don River became the scenic backdrop to the vibrant novels penned by Mikhail Sholokov, contributing to the cultural and literary richness of the region.
6. Reka Pichora River (1809 km)
The Pechora River, or Pečora is one of the longest rivers in Europe that passes through northwestern Russia and empties into the Arctic Ocean. Originating near Mount Koyp in the Northern Ural Mountains, its upper reaches are covered by fir and spruce forests, characterized by a brisk current, rifts, and rapids in the narrow valley. Transitioning to the middle section, the landscape becomes more level, featuring expansive floodplains with forests and meadows. As the Pechora River progresses downstream, it divides into independent channels, creating numerous islands. The lower section unveils boggy meadows across a broad floodplain, complemented by sandy mounds supporting the growth of pine forests in certain areas.
Also Read: 20 Underwater Cities Of The Ancient World
Image Source: Arendal
7. Kama River (1805 km)
Ranking as the third-largest river in Europe in terms of discharge, the Kama River stretches for 1805 kilometers across western and central Russia. Originating in Udmutia’s upland, it eventually joins the Volga River Reservoir below Kazan. The Kama River holds historical significance as a vital route to the Urals and Siberia in Russia. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in the Volga system waterway, enhancing its importance for transportation and connectivity. This watercourse has not only shaped historical journeys but continues to contribute significantly to the region’s economic and navigational activities, making it a key asset in Russia’s river network.
Image Source: Wikipedia
8. Oka River (1500 km)
It ranks as the eighth-longest river in Europe, the Oka River spans 1500 kilometers and stands out as the most navigable in the continent. Originating in the central Russian upland, it passes through the valley to Kaluga and then flows eastward across the lowland, eventually merging with the Volga River at Nizhny Novgorod. Enriched with cultural and historical significance, the Oka River’s journey includes notable sites such as mosques in Kasimov, medieval monasteries in Murom, kremlins in Kolomna and Serpukhov, the residences of Russian painter Vasily Polenov and poet Sergey Yesenin, and the remnants of Old Ryazan.
Image Source: Wikimedia
9. Belaya River (1430 km)
The Belaya River, ranked as the 9th largest in Europe, spans 1430 kilometers through Russia’s Bashkotostan Republic. It is known for its beauty in the region, the Belaya is a focal point in Bashkortostan. Not only is it a vital watercourse, but it also stands out as an attractive destination. This river is particularly celebrated for its excellent fishing opportunities, offering a diverse range of fish species like catfish, zander, pike, sterlet, asp, taimen, and brown trout. Fishing enthusiasts are drawn to the Belaya River, making it a popular and picturesque spot for those seeking an angler’s paradise.
Image Source: Wikimedia
10. Dnister River (1362 km)
The Dniester River holds the second-longest position among Ukraine’s rivers and ranks tenth in Europe, stretching approximately 840 miles, i.e, 1362 km, from its origin on the northern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains to its endpoint at the Black Sea near Odesa. Its name, derived from an ancient Iranian phrase, “dānu nazdya,” translates to “the close river.” Notably, the Dniester River is prone to frequent flooding, posing a recurrent threat to the surrounding regions and causing substantial damage. This natural phenomenon has been a consistent challenge for the areas adjacent to the river, impacting local communities and necessitating ongoing efforts to manage and mitigate flood-related risks.
Image Source: Wikimedia
These are the list of longest rivers in Europe in terms of discharge. Kindly share and post your comments.