10 Types of Desert Birds In The World

For certain birds, water scarcity in a desert does not pose an issue since they have evolved special adaptations that allow them to thrive there. Birds can readily live in deserts by adjusting to the environment and obtaining water from alternative sources like cacti, and some species even have unique characteristics that make it simpler for them to thrive. To stop water loss from weariness, they spend the day in the shade. They have designed their effective kidneys to expel the least amount of fluids possible. They get the majority of their water from food sources like fruit, nectar, insects, and other prey. Now let’s have a look at the numerous types of desert birds in the world.

Desert Birds In The World

1. Gambel Quail

The majority of these Desert bird species can be found in Texas, Sonora, New Mexico, Utah, Arizona, etc. It is a little bird that spends most of its time on the ground. They bore William Gambel’s name, a naturalist. They stick together and fly in bunches in order to protect themselves from their adversaries.

They consume plants and resemble California Quails greatly. These birds have strong, short legs. The Gambel Quail has a population of about 5.3 million. In search of food, they are able to travel at remarkable speeds through desert shrubs and scrub. These birds can move quickly, and they use camouflage to avoid being eaten by predators. It is one of the most popular desert birds in the world.

Gambel Quail

Image Source: Wikimedia

2. Burrowing Owls

Burrowing owls is one of the weirdest birds that can be found in prairies, grasslands, and other bare open habitats with loose soil, making deserts one of their limited habitats. This bird lives in burrows, as its name suggests, and takes over the ones dug by creatures like prairie dogs, gophers, and tortoises. Burrowing owls rarely dig their holes, although they may enlarge others that have already been dug. It is also listed as one of the most popular owls in Illinois.

These popular owls in Washington State are most active at dawn and dusk, and because they spend a large portion of their lives underground, they are more tolerant to carbon dioxide than other bird species. The burrowing owl eats mostly insects, although it sometimes consumes snakes, small rodents, and other small creatures.

Burrowing Owl

3. Falcon

Powerful mid-sized raptors like the peregrine falcon may dive at remarkable speeds in order to capture their prey. They are sized like adult crows. It has the ability to pounce on and capture raptors in midflight. Falcons can swiftly identify and pursue prey since they typically live in rock cliffs. Falcons have what are known as “flags” on their legs and have well-developed beak notches.

Some falcons have been observed to dive for food at speeds of up to 200 miles per hour! People utilized this bird to hunt other animals and small birds in the distant past. The practice of falconry was once a pastime of Kings and Queens. Additionally, they have a vision that is eight times as good as human vision.


Image Source: Wikimedia

4. Greater Roadrunner

Roadrunners can be recognized thanks to their unusual form. They frequently have elongated bodies, very long tails, lengthy necks, and very long legs. They have a mohawk-like feather crest on top of their heads, and their beak curves downward. The majority will have blue skin behind the eyes, a blackhead crest, and brown or tan plumage with black streaks. Other species that roadrunners eat include insects, small mammals, various frogs, reptiles, and other birds. Greater roadrunners are widespread throughout the southwest of the United States.

Greater Roadrunner

5. Cactus Wren

The largest wren species in the US is thought to be the cactus wren. It closely resembles the spotted towhee in terms of size and is also listed as one of the small birds with long beaks in the world. The wren is distinguished by having long, rounded tails and large, heavy bills, but small, rounded wings. It has brown “eyebrows” that are white in tone. Cactus wren typically eats insects like ants, grasshoppers, beetles, and wasps.

It occasionally also consumes fruits, tiny frogs, and tiny reptiles. These arid-area birds can be found all over the South Western deserts. Cactus wrens, in contrast to most wren species, are typically seen perched on bushes and cacti (hence their name). They act in this way to signal their existence.

Cactus Wren

6. Desert Lark

The Desert Lark has a large head and a long, about 16–17 cm long lark. From Morocco to western India, covering the Sahara in Africa, the Middle East, Iran, and Afghanistan, you may primarily locate this bird in deserts and semi-deserts. The best illustration of soil camouflage is their plumage, which blends in flawlessly with the hue of the arid earth. They love solitude and prefer to make their nests in the stony areas of the desert because they are not particularly gregarious creatures. They use stones, pebbles, and dried leaves to construct their ground nest and eat insects, grass, and seeds for food. Their average life span is two to five years. They are renowned for their lyrical song and gentle, flute-like sounds.

Desert Lark

Image Source: Wikimedia

7. Ostrich

Ostriches are the largest and dumbest birds on the planet, which accounts for their inability to fly. The Sub-Saharan and Horn of Africa have savannas, forests, and other dry, arid areas where ostriches can be found. Ostriches are long neck animals, with females standing between 5.6 and 9.2 feet tall and males standing a hair taller. They have a top speed of 43 mph despite their size. They weigh from 140 to 320 lbs, which is a lot. The ostrich consumes desert vegetation, flowers, fruits, insects, and lizards. They are able to sprint so quickly because they must contend with lions, cheetahs, hyenas, and wild dogs while living in the Sahara.


8. Sand Grouse

The Sand Grouse has a distinctive body pattern and long pointed tails than pigeons have. These birds can be found throughout the Middle East, Central Asia, India, and Southern Africa, some of the driest places on earth. These birds eat vegetation found in grasslands, bushes, and deserts. These birds are protected from severe temperatures by their thick coats of feathers.

They are perhaps the most challenging desert birds, making numerous lengthy flights between their feeding grounds and watering holes every day. Male grouses visit a water pool and make sideways movements in the water, and shake their feathers continually in the water. This unusual technique is known exclusively for them to collect water for back to their chicks in their nest.

Sand Grouse

9. Ospreys

Ospreys is one of the desert birds in the world are huge, migratory birds with the capacity to dive underwater, making them unusual among raptors. These water diving birds can be found in Canada’s far north, moving through the southwestern deserts of the US on their route to wintering grounds near the equator. A hawk with a particular body form, long legs, and narrow wings is an osprey.

Ospreys nearly solely consume fish for food. In fresh and saltwater, they dive underwater to grab fish or snag them from the surface. Ospreys are primarily found near rivers, lakes, and oases in the desert because they need a water source to gather food. Although they spend the majority of their life alone, they perform elaborate mating rituals in which they tangle their claws and dive into the air.


10. Gila Woodpecker

Gila Woodpeckers are one of the desert birds that are fascinating to watch. Males have a red crown patch, tan heads, and bellies, and a barred pattern of black and white. Females lack the head patch but have the same hue of plumage. Gila Woodpeckers can be found in southeast California, southwest Nevada, southern Arizona, and sections of Mexico.

These birds mostly eat insects, but because they do not consume any water, they may survive in the desert for a longer period of time. However, occasionally they will also eat cactus fruits, some small berries, etc. Like backyard hummingbirds, these desert birds have learned to lick up the sweet water. The head and neck muscles of this species of woodpecker are renowned for their flexibility. The long, pointed beak in the desert is useful for pecking through tough materials.

Gila Woodpecker

Image Source: Wikimedia

These are the top 10 desert birds in the world. Kindly share and do post your comments.

Exit mobile version