Our history is so beautiful and glorious that everyone should learn about it. History was not constant throughout life. It kept on changing with new inventions, new technologies, and new trends. Our history and past are divided into various different periods. These historical periods are quite different and very interesting to know also. One must try to know about our history and its various periods. Here is the list of the best and most popular historical periods,
Best And Most Popular Historical Periods
1. Renaissance (Art Period)
14 to 17th century was the time of the Renaissance period in Europe. Renaissance means rebirth i.e. rebirth of science, music, art, and education. This period lies between middle age and modern time and was the time of coming out of the dark. Humanism was mostly focused during this period which led to the focus on people’s education, art, science, and culture.
The world’s most famous painting ‘The Mona Lisa’ was created during the Renaissance period. Many master painters, scientists, writers and inventors, and sculptors came up with their exceptional talents during this period.
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Image Source: The Paris Review
2. Ancient Greece
The Ancient Greece period occurred thousands of years ago. Under the rule of Alexander the Great, most of Europe and Western Asia were under Ancient Greece. The foundation for western culture was laid during this time. It included three main periods-Archaic periods, the classical period, and the Hellenistic period.
Science, mathematics, government, sports, and art came into influence under the ancient Greeks. Toys like the yo-yo were invented during this period. The two main cities-Athens and Sparta ruled during the Ancient Greece period. Sparta was more involved in fights and war techniques and Athens focused mainly on learning and art.
3. Ancient Egypt
The greatest and most powerful civilization that lasted for more than 3000 years was Ancient Egypt. The Nile River in North East Africa was the sole source of civilization during Ancient Egypt. It helped the Egyptian people with water, soil, food, and transportation. Cultural works like art, writing, and religion were powerful during this time. Starting from 3150 BC to 30 BC, this period ended in 30 BC when the Romans finally conquered Egypt. Numerous cosmetics, medicines, toothpaste, and instruments were invented during this time.
4. Middle Age
People during the Middle Ages started living in countries and working as farmers. They were considered peasants who were like a servant to the local lord who used to live in his castle. Crops like wheat, barley, and oats along with fruits and vegetables were cultivated by the peasants.
Young boys were sent for learning art and craft for around 7 years. Most people lived in small one or two-room houses and even the animals like cows and hens were also in the same house. Bread and stew like beans, peas, meat, and cabbage were the main sources of food during the Middle Ages.
Image Source: Wikimedia
5. Stone Age
Starting around 2.5 million years ago, Stone Age was the period of toolmakers, fire makers, Neanderthals, and modern humans. It was the earliest known period of human culture and lasted till 2300 BC. Three periods were included in Stone Age-the Early Stone Age, the middle Stone Age, and the late Stone Age.
This period is popularly known as the Stone Age because during this time early humans started using tools, weapons, stones, and fire. The people during this time focused mainly on food and shelter. The source of food was hunting, gathering fruits, and food from trees and plants. Caves were used as shelters to protect themselves and were made of wood, bones, mud, soil, and animal dung.
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Image Source: Wikimedia
6. Age of Discovery
Began in 1400 and continue till 1600, Age of Discovery was the period when Europeans started exploring the world. New roots in India, America, and the East were discovered but, these expeditions were not easy. The ships that used to go for expeditions never returned. They used to explore for money, fame, and adventure. Travelers used to connect trade links with different nations and earn money. Even an important part of the unknown world was discovered during this time like Eastern Australia, the Arctic, and The Antarctic.
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Image Source: Patrick Gray
7. Bronze Age
Initiating from 4000 BC, Bronze Age made the use of Bronze metal till 2000 BC. Various things like the wheel and also writing trends were invented in this age. The trend for irrigation of fields was also established. Earlier tools and weapons of stones were present but in this age, Bronze metal was developed for different types of equipment, tools, and weapons which were much stronger and more powerful than before.
Residing in muddy and wooden houses people at this age used to travel in wooden boats for various purposes. Bronze was first extracted from stones, then mining started for the extraction of Bronze, and later a combination of tin and copper created Bronze metal.
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Image Source: Carole Raddato
8. Byzantine Empire
Continued for almost 1000 years, Byzantine Empire had power over Eastern and Southern Europe. Constantine, I was the emperor during 306 CE, and he ruled almost for around 30 years and worked for the welfare of the empire. The Greek city of Byzantium-Capital of the Roman Empire was renamed Constantinople after the name of Emperor Constantine I.
Today; the city of Constantinople is named Istanbul which is the largest city in Turkey. Emperor Justinian, I came into power in 527 and focused on power, wealth, and also the welfare of women. The art during Byzantine Empire focused mainly on religion.
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Image Source: Wikimedia
9. Ancient China
Starting in 2070 BC and ending in 221 BC, Ancient China spreads over 2000 years. It was the oldest and the longest civilization period in the history of the world. China is located on the Eastern side of Asia and is one of the most popular countries in the world for its art, religion, culture, and much more.
Yellow River and Yangtze River were the two major rivers flowing during the Ancient China period. Also, the Yangtze River stands in third position and the Yellow is sixth among the longest Rivers in the world. The dragon symbol in China is the symbol of emperors and depicts good luck, might and supremacy. Tea was also discovered for the first time during the Ancient China period and was used as a medicine.
Image Source: Wikimedia
10. Islamic Golden Age
The time when Muslims dominated the world was the Islamic Golden Age which was a time of prosperity, success, and advancement. It included three ages which were Abbasid Empire, Umayyad Spain, and Ottoman Era from the mid-eleventh to the mid-thirteenth century. It was a time of education, development, poets, traders, and research.
All this resulted in great art, industries, science, technology, inventions, and innovations. All this led to the development of the ‘House of Wisdom’ where all the scholars and educated people either Muslims or non-Muslims gathered and converted knowledge into Arabic. It is one of the best and most popular historical periods.
Image Source: Nikos Niotis
These are the best and the most popular historical periods. Kindly share and do post your comments,